Kidney Stones Diet - Kidney Cancer Treatment

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Saturday, October 1, 2016

Kidney Stones Diet

A good kidney stones diet is essential for persons who experience kidney stones problems. This is because their kidneys have been forming stones, each of similar composition and formation from the solid and liquid foods ingested. To stop these kidney stones from reoccurring you will need to change your diet, to limit the intake of those certain dietary components which contribute to the formation of the kidney stones.

Kidney Stones Diet


Exactly what would be appropriate dietary changes differs from one person to the next depending on the composition of the kidney stones they have produced or are producing. That said, here is the info to make a good start at an effective diet for kidney stones reduction:

Uric Acid: This is a common constituent of kidney stones which comes mostly from digestion of foods containing purine. Purine is present in animal proteins such as small fish, and also organ meat like liver, brain, kidney, broths and meat extracts, meat gravies, sardines, anchovies, herring, scallops and mackerel.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) says that a diet for kidney stones should limit the intake of alcoholic beverages.

Alcohol consumption should be less than two drinks per day because it increases purine production in the body. The NIH reports that although alcohol has purines, taking moderate quantities does not seem to significantly raise the danger of kidney stones. Normally, one drink is equal to 12 beer ounces, 5 wine ounces, or 1.5 hard liquor ounces.

Calcium: The most common kidney stones are formed from oxalate and calcium. Most people misunderstand this to mean that foods with low amounts of calcium prevent formation of these stones. Although Calcium is beneficial in the diet, it fixes itself to oxalate in the digestion 

system. This forms more complex compounds with larger molecular size which enter the blood and get filtered out by the kidneys. One should include a minimum of 800mg of calcium daily to prevent calcium deficiency. According to Jackson Siegelbaum Gastroenterology physician, for a proper kidney stone diet, one should take 2300 to 3500 mg of calcium daily to minimize the calcium amount expelled in urine.

Oxalate: For those whose kidneys form calcium-oxalate stones, oxalate should be minimized. This is because the free oxalate that doesnt bind with calcium is excreted in urine and may contribute to or cause formation of stones. It is recomended for these stone formers to avoid chocolate, leafy greens, dark beers, soy drinks, black tea as well as juices prepared from fruits which have high oxalate. 

Other foods that should be in a diet for kidney stones will include grits, bran cereals, whole-wheat flour, berries, citrus peels, figs, kiwis, marmalade, green leafy vegetables, soy sauce, tangerines, okra, beans, olives, parsley, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, zucchini, eggplant, both hot and sweet peppers and black pepper.

Fluids: For a good kidney stone diet, it is recommended that those on such a diet ingest a lot of fluids. Adequate amounts of water in the diet dilutes the urine and prevents the formation of stones. According to The National Kidney Foundation, kidney stone formers should ingest fluids of 2 to 3 (liter or quarts) daily. Half of this amount should come from plain water. 

Foods which lead to formation of kidney stones include citrus juice, tea, coffee, and cranberry juice. Dr. Jackson Siegelbaumd Gastroenterology guideline suggests that one should drink a glass of water every waking hour.

Herbs and Supplements: Some supplements are said to increase the components which form stones in the urine. However, other herbs help in preventing formation of kidney stones. There seem to be relativelly few scientific evidences for this but most candidates do have strong anecdotal evidence. Herbs for this diet for kidney stones includes green tea, relora, milk thistle and cranberry. The supplements which may minimize kidney stones symptoms are magnesium citrate, multivitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, N-acetyl cysteine, Ip-6, lactobacillus acidophilus and extract of grapefruit.

The NIDKK advises that vitamin C intake should not exceed 500mg because it metabolizes to oxalate. Neither is the patients advised to take calcium supplements nor vitamin D which increases calcium absorption, without consulting their physician or other medical professional.

Sodium: High levels of sodium in urine are associated with increased oxalate which could form stones. When calcium levels rise, the possibility of it binding with oxalate rises. Reducing the intake of salt in the diet can stop the rise of calcium levels and also slow the growth of kidney stones. Therefore lowering salt intake is advisable rather than reducing calcium.

A good diet for kidney stones will involve consuming a lot of fresh foods and less processed ones, like fast foods, canned foods, salty snacks, hot dogs as well as deli meat, to help in reducing dietary sodium in the body. People monitoring their intake of sodium should avoid adding salt while cooking food and also on the table. Among the common ingredients with sodium are sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), sodium nitrate, baking powder, disodium phosphate and sodium nitrite.